SUMMARY OF MONITORING FOR IDENTIFIED HIGH CONSERVATION VALUE (HCV) ATTRIBUTES

(PERIOD JAN-DEC 2020)

The High Conservation Value Assessment at Pasin FMU has been conducted in January and April 2016 by the team from Sustainable Forest Management Department with a Technical Leader (Dr. Yap Son Kheong) and assisted by the survey team of the FMU. Once the HCV has been identified, annual monitoring has been conducted to assess the effectiveness of the measures employed to maintain or enhance the applicable conservation attributes as required under Criterion 9.4. Status of HCV and details of HCV monitoring is summarized as below.

HCV 1.1 – Protected Area

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
1 Mapping of 1km wide buffer belt with Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary and the International boundary in the General Harvesting Plan (GP) and progressively in the Detailed harvesting Plan (DP) specifically for coupe 17, 19, 23, 24 and 25. a)     1km buffer belt of Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary and International Boundary mapped on the approved GP map dated on 10th May 2018 vide WPO.628.345(V)-69 and HCV map.

b)     Demarcation on DP map will be made available for coupe 17, 19, 23, 24 and 25 once operation commenced at the coupe.

Coupe HCV value Approx. year of operation
17 International boundary 2035
19 International boundary 2037
23 Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary 2041
24 Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary 2042
25 Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary 2043
2 Progressively ground demarcate the 1km wide buffer belt as pre-harvest operation approaching the annual coupe. a)     Ground demarcation will be conducted once the respective Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) and PEC has been approved by forest agencies.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
3 Aerial monitoring along the 1 km wide buffer belt using satellite imagery or aerial surveillance using a helicopter. a)     Aerial survey along the FMU license boundary including the 1 km wide buffer zone along the LEWS and Malaysia-Indonesia international boundary using helicopter Bell Model – B206 B3 conducted on 25th July 2020. No encroachment and potential risk along Pasin FMU was detected.
4 Operation manager to ensure ground demarcation is adequately conducted as per SOP for the demarcation of protected and conservation area. a)     The SOP on the ground demarcation of HCV is available to protect the HCV site [TA-SOP-CON-02]. The ground demarcation of International boundary and Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary will be conducted once the respective Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) and PEC has been approved by forest agencies.
5 Licensee and contractor to ensure that no accidental felling encroaching into the 1-km wide buffer belt. a)     Awareness briefing on HCV conducted on 23rd – 25th Nov 2020. [SFM/TRAINING/INTERNAL/2020(52)].

b)     No operation and road access to the coupe.  Therefore, no accidental felling encroaching into the protected area by FMU

HCV 1.2 – Rare, Threatened and Endangered (RTE) Species

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
6 Appointment of Honorary Wildlife Ranger a)     Apply with Forest Department Sarawak (FDS) on reappointment of two (2) Honorary Wild Life Ranger for Pasin FMU – Mr. Wong Teck Ying and Mr. Tiong Yieng Hung. Memo ref: SFM/MM/2021/02 dated 4th Jan 2021.
7 Awareness and training of field worker on recognition of protected species a)     Awareness briefing on RTE done on 23rd – 27th Nov 2020. [SFM/TRAINING/INTERNAL/2020(51)].

b)     Poster of gazetted Totally Protected and Protected Species of Sarawak under the Wild Life Protection Ordinance is publicly available at base camp, temporary camp and work sites.

8 Strict adherence to the DF Circular 6/99 Conservator of Wildlife and banned hunting by staffs and contractor. a)     DF Circular 6/99 was emphasized to the staff and forest workers during RTE awareness briefing conducted on 23rd – 27th Nov 2020.

b)     Signage of DF Circular 6/99 has been erected to educate and remind workers on the prohibition of hunting in the FMU.

c)      DF circular 6/99 to be highlighted to field staffs and forest workers during Honorary Wildlife Ranger meeting conducted in 19th November 2020.

9 To educate the local communities on the need to protect RTE and control hunting. a)     Awareness briefing on RTE was conducted during social program conducted at Rh. Selat (March), Rh. Akang (September) and Rh. Kawin (November) 2020.

Location Date
Rh Selat 29th February 2020
Rh. Akang 12th September 2020
Rh. Kawin 07th November 2020
10 Controlled entry to the FMU through Security gates.  Record of entry and exit with also a record of wild meat or other NTFP collected. a)     Available of record of entry and exit including the wild meat and NTFP collected at the security gate.

b)     Signage of No Hunting was erected at the security gate and within FMU.

11 Conduct 100% tree enumeration under RIL prescription where Protected trees are to be tagged for protection and protected from accidental felling. a)     In 2020, total of 3,073 ha has been inventoried with a total number of 1,868 trees of protected trees (PT) in Coupe 2 while in Coupe 3, 876 ha  with a total of 536 trees has been enumerated before the end of 2020. The details is as table below.

Type of Tree Coupe 02

(Completed)

Coupe 03

(in-progress)

Grand Total
Total Tree Tree/ha Total Tree Tree/ha Total Tree Tree/ha
PT 865 0.281 212 0.245 1077 0.273
MT 917 0.298 286 0.330 1203 0.305
FT 82 0.027 28 0.032 110 0.032
NT 4 0.001 4 0.001
Total 1,868 0.608 526 0.607 2,394 0.607
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
12 Honorary Wildlife Ranger to conduct monitoring within FMU (gate, camp, worksite etc.) and prepare monitoring report.  Any illegal findings shall be reported to the relevant authorities a)     Patrolling at Pasin FMU was conducted on 19th November 2020. No unauthorized activities were detected by workers in the FMU. The workers aware of wildlife protection and requirement of DF Circular 6/99.
13 Annual awareness and re-training a)     Awareness briefing on RTE and HCV conducted on 23rd – 27th Nov 2020.

[SFM/TRAINING/INTERNAL/2020(51)]. [SFM/TRAINING/INTERNAL/2020(52)].

14 Continue monitoring the presence of wildlife through wildlife survey or camera trapping. a)     Collaboration with UNIMAS on wildlife survey in 2020 at Temukuh salt lick.

Findings:

A total of 32 faunal species recorded in Pasin FMU though camera trapping study. Out of 32 faunal species, twenty-six (26) are classified as rare, threatened and endangered species (RTE) and seven (7) endemic species to Borneo. [SFM/CON/REPORT/2020 (10)]

15 Conduct periodical monitoring patrolling and inspection at forest area, campsites and base camp a)     Patrolling was conducted on 19th November 2020.
16 Closure of unused feeder road to prevent hunting a)     Harvesting in Pasin FMU only commenced in second half of 2018.  Currently feeder road still in use for enrichment and monitoring purposes.
17 RIL monitoring on Pre-harvest and harvest operation to ensure that trees are tagged, and protected from accidental felling. a)     Monitoring team has been established to monitor the implementation of RIL in the FMU.

 HCV 1.3 – Endemic Species

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
18 Awareness and training of field worker on recognition of Endemic species. a)     Awareness briefing on RTE and HCV conducted on 23rd – 27th Nov 2020.

[SFM/TRAINING/INTERNAL/2020(51)]. [SFM/TRAINING/INTERNAL/2020(52)].

19 Strict adherence to the DF Circular 6/99 Conservator of Wildlife and banned hunting by staffs and contractor. a)     DF circular 6/99 was highlighted to field staffs and forest workers during RTE awareness briefing.

b)     Signage of DF Circular 6/99 has been erected to educate and remind workers on the prohibition of hunting in the FMU.

20 To educate the local communities on the need to protect Endemic Species and control hunting. a)     Awareness briefing on RTE was conducted during social program conducted at Rh. Selat (March), Rh. Akang (September) and Rh. Kawin (November) 2020.

Location Date
Rh Selat 29th February 2020
Rh. Akang 12th September 2020
Rh. Kawin 07th November 2020
21 Controlled entry to the FMU through Security gates.  Record of entry and exit with also a record of wild meat or other NTFP collected. a)     Establishment of security gate at Pasin FMU entry (coupe 07) with Auxiliary Police recording entry and exit including the wild meat and other NTFP.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
22 Annual awareness and re-training a)     Awareness briefing on RTE and HCV conducted on 23rd – 27th Nov 2020.

[SFM/TRAINING/INTERNAL/2020(51)]. [SFM/TRAINING/INTERNAL/2020(52)].

23 Closure of unused feeder road to prevent hunting a)     Currently feeder road still in use for enrichment and monitoring purposes.
24 Conduct periodical monitoring patrolling and inspection at forest area, campsites and base camp a)     Patrolling by HWLR was conducted on 19th November 2020.
25 Monitor local community entering FMU record for hunting. a)     Security gate was established at Pasin FMU entry (coupe 07) with Auxiliary Police recording entry and exit of the local community.
26 Monitor the record book and ensure it is being filled up accordingly. a)     The record book was monitored by Operation Manager to ensure it was filled up accordingly.
27 Monitor RIL operation to prevent accidental felling of endemic trees. a)     Monitoring team has been established to monitor the implementation of RIL in the FMU.

b)     Internal audit by SFM Department once a year to ensure appropriate implementation of RIL.

 HCV 1.4 – Critical Temporal Use

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
28 Demarcate buffer zone of the 100m radius of the identified salt lick prior to harvesting a)     No demarcation in 2020.
29 Banned hunting for forest worker and control hunting by local communities (i.e. through security gate). a)     DF circular 6/99 was highlighted to field staffs and forest workers during RTE awareness briefing in November 2020.

b)     Signage of DF Circular 6/99 has been erected to educate and remind workers on the prohibition of hunting in the FMU.

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
30 Monitor integrity of the demarcated buffer zone during the harvesting operation. a)     No encroachment as no salt lick area at active operation coupe in 2020.
31 Monitor and report hunting activities around salt lick. a)     No salt lick area found at active operation coupe in 2020 and no accessibility to previous salt lick area at coupe 01 for hunting active around salt lick.
32 Continuous monitoring of wildlife using survey or camera trapping. a)     Collaboration with Collaboration with UNIMAS on wildlife survey in 2020 at Temukuh salt lick.

Findings:

A total of 32 faunal species recorded in Pasin FMU though camera trapping study. Out of 32 faunal species, twenty-six (26) are classified as rare, threatened and endangered species (RTE) and seven (7) endemic species to Borneo.

HCV 2.0 – Landscape Level Forest

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
33 No conversion of Natural Forest to plantation or other non-forest land use. a)     The FMU committed to not convert the natural forest to other land use.
34 Implementation of Reduced Impact Logging operation. a)     Reduced Impact Logging has been started in Coupe 1 to Coupe 3.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
35 Record and document any changes in land use within FMU (if any). a)     Not applicable as the FMU committed to not convert natural forest to other land use.
36 Monitor the implementation of reduced-impact logging a)     Monitoring team has been established to monitor the implementation of RIL in the FMU.

b)     Internal audit by SFM Department once a year to ensure appropriate implementation of RIL.

HCV 4.1 – Watershed Protection

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
37 Map the 8-km water supply in the Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) when operation reached the coupe. a)     8-km critical public water supply intake point was mapped in HCV ma. It will map in the DP when operation reach the coupe in year 2024/2025.
38 Ground demarcate and protect the 8-km water supply intake point catchment from harvesting operation. a)     Ground demarcation will be conducted when the harvesting operation reach the area in year 2025.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
39 Monitor harvesting operation not to encroach into the Song 8-km water supply intake point catchment. a)     No monitoring at the moment as there is no harvesting operation yet.

HCV 4.2 – Soil Protection

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
40 Map Terrain IV areas exceeding 5ha in Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) and operational map a)      Terrain IV areas exceeding 5 ha was mapped in HCV.
41 Ground demarcation and protection of terrain IV from harvesting operation. a)     For year 2020, Pasin FMU has demarcated 50.4 ha of Terrain Class IV at Coupe 2 and 153.6 ha in Coupe 3.

b)     The terrain class IV has been mapped and prohibited from harvesting.

c)      Clear instruction given to all field workers that this area is excluded from harvesting.

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
42 Monitor and ensure that terrain IV is being mapped in the DP and operational map (if any) a)     Data on terrain IV has been incorporated into operational map
43 Monitor of pre-harvest operation to ensure that clear and proper demarcation has been conducted a)     Monitoring is on going
44 Monitor harvesting operation so as not to encroach into the demarcated site a)     Monitoring is on going

HCV 5.0 – Basic Need of Local Communities

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
45 Consultation and joint community mapping to Directly Affected Community to determine sites for community need. a)     Consultation was conducted in February, September and November 2020 covering Sg. Bangkit region.
46 Joint ground demarcation if site located within FMU production area (if permitted by the local community) a)     No joint ground demarcation conducted as there is no identified important sites of local community located within operation area after verified with local community in 2020..
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
47 Annual consultation to other directly affected communities as the operation progresses from one coupe to another. a)     Annual consultation with directly affected communities will be conducted as the operation progresses from one coupe to another.
48 Monitor harvesting operation not to encroach into the demarcated/identified site. a)     No identified important sites of local community located within operation area at FMU Coupe 2 and 3.

HCV 6.0 – Cultural Importance of Local Communities

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
49 Consultation and joint community mapping to Directly Affected Community to determine community cultural sites. a)     No cultural importance site located inside operation area at Coupe 2 and 3. FPIC Consultation will be conducted as the operation progresses from one coupe to another.
50 Joint ground demarcation if site located within FMU production area (if permitted by the local community) a)     During the consultation and joint survey conducted, most cultural site i.e. burial ground is found located inside the Shifting Agriculture (SA) which is already demarcated and protected from harvesting.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
51 Monitor and assess the dependency rate of the local community. b)     Continuous consultation to be conducted through CRC and direct consultation prior to commencement of any operation.
52 Annual consultation to other directly affected communities as the operation progresses from one coupe to another. a)     Annual consultation with directly affected communities will be conducted as the operation progresses from one coupe to another.
53 Monitor harvesting operation not to encroach into the demarcated/identified site. a)     No site of cultural importance of local community for the time being.

(updated on 10 Mar 2021)

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