SUMMARY OF MONITORING FOR IDENTIFIED HIGH CONSERVATION VALUE (HCV) ATTRIBUTES

(PERIOD JAN-DEC 2018)

The High Conservation Value Assessment at Pasin FMU has been conducted in January and April 2016 by the team from Sustainable Forest Management Department with a Technical Leader (Dr. Yap Son Kheong) and assisted by the survey team of the FMU. The assessment was conducted in accordance with the Malaysian Toolkit for HCVF and Proforest Toolkit to interpret HCV definitions. Status of HCV and details of HCV monitoring is summarized as below.

HCV 1.1 – Protected Area

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
1 Mapping of 1km wide buffer belt with Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary and the International boundary in the General Harvesting Plan (GP) and progressively in the Detailed harvesting Plan (DP) specifically for coupe 17, 19, 23, 24 and 25. a)     1km buffer belt of Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary and International Boundary mapped on the approved GP map dated on 10th May 2018 vide WPO.628.345(V)-69 and HCV map.
b)     Demarcation on DP map will be made available for coupe 17, 19, 23, 24 and 25 once operation commenced at the coupe.

Coupe HCV value Approx. year of operation
17 International boundary 2035
19 International boundary 2037
23 Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary 2041
24 Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary 2042
25 Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary 2043
2 Progressively ground demarcate the 1km wide buffer belt as pre-harvest operation approaching the annual coupe. a)     Ground demarcation will be conducted once the respective Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) and PEC has been approved by forest agencies.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
3 Aerial monitoring along the 1 km wide buffer belt using satellite imagery or aerial surveillance using a helicopter. a)     Aerial survey of Pasin FMU external boundaries using helicopter Bell Model – B206 B3 conducted on 13th – 14th August 2018. No encroachment found at the International Boundary and Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary during the monitoring conducted.
4 Operation manager to ensure ground demarcation is adequately conducted as per SOP for the demarcation of protected and conservation area. a)     The SOP on the ground demarcation of HCV is available to protect the HCV site [TA-SOP-CON-02]. The ground demarcation of International boundary and Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary will be conducted once the respective Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) and PEC has been approved by forest agencies.
5 Licensee and contractor to ensure that no accidental felling encroaching into the 1-km wide buffer belt. a)     Awareness briefing on HCV conducted on 25th – 26th June 2019. [SFM/TRAINING/REPORT/2019(19)].
b)     To closely inspect and monitor harvesting operation near the 1-km wide buffer belt.

HCV 1.2 – Rare, Threatened and Endangered (RTE) Species

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
6 Appointment of Honorary Wildlife Ranger a)     Two (2) Honorary Wild Life Ranger has been appointed for Pasin FMU on 13th Jul 2017 via DF.681322/A(jld.7)-96. The appointed staffs are Mr. Wong Teck Ying and Mr. Tiong Yieng Hung.
7 Awareness and training of field worker on recognition of protected species a)     Awareness briefing on RTE done on 25th – 26th June 2019. [SFM/TRAINING/REPORT/2019(19)].
8 Strict adherence to the DF Circular 6/99 Conservator of Wildlife and banned hunting by staffs and contractor. a)     DF Circular 6/99 was emphasized to the staff and forest workers during RTE awareness briefing conducted on 25th – 26th June 2019.
b)     Signage of DF Circular 6/99 has been erected to educate and remind workers on the prohibition of hunting in the FMU.

c)      DF circular 6/99 to be highlighted to field staffs and forest workers during Honorary Wildlife Ranger meeting conducted in September 2019.

9 To educate the local communities on the need to protect RTE and control hunting. a)     Awareness briefing on RTE to be conducted during CRC establishment on 15th Aug 2019.
b)     Posters of RTE were distributed to local communities’ leaders on 15th Aug 2019.
10 Controlled entry to the FMU through Security gates.   Record of entry and exit with also a record of wild meat or other NTFP collected. a)     Available of record of entry and exit including the wild meat and NTFP collected at the security gate.
b)     Signage of No Hunting was erected at the security gate and within FMU.
11 Conduct 100% tree enumeration under RIL prescription where Protected trees are to be tagged for protection and protected from accidental felling. a)     Tree enumeration for Coupe 1 commenced in July 2016.
b)     All protected trees were marked using blue tag for protection. Total of 3,292 of PT were marked. In term of species, 0.3% recorded as ARAX, follow by 0.1% BELI, 1.7% BINT, 29.3% ENKB, 9.1% IPOH, 40.2% MGRS and 19.3% TAPA.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
12 Honorary Wildlife Ranger to conduct monitoring within FMU (gate, camp, worksite etc.) and prepare monitoring report. Any illegal findings shall be reported to the relevant authorities a)     Ta Ann Group Honorary Wildlife Ranger (HWR) Committee has been established on 30 November 2018.
b)     First patrolling at Pasin FMU has been conducted on 14th-15th October 2019.
13 Annual awareness and re-training a)     Awareness briefing on RTE and HCV conducted on 25th – 26th June 2019.
[SFM/TRAINING/REPORT/2019(19)].
14 Continue monitoring the presence of wildlife through wildlife survey or camera trapping. a)     Collaboration with Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (Leibniz-IZW) on wildlife survey.
 Findings:
5,493 independent records (2,621 Phase 1 and 2,872 Phase 2) of 40 species (33 mammals, 5 birds, 2 reptiles) were collected from camera traps.
15 Conduct periodical monitoring patrolling and inspection at forest area, campsites and base camp a)     Patrolling has been conducted on 14th-15th October 2019
16 Closure of unused feeder road to prevent hunting a)     Harvesting in Pasin FMU only commenced in second half of 2018. Currently feeder road still in use for enrichment and monitoring purposes.
17 Monitor local community entering FMU record for hunting and collecting NTFP. a)     Security gate has been established with auxiliary police recording entry of workers and local community.
b)     From Jan-Dec 2018, recorded 2,191 entry by local community (hunting – 55 entry, fishing – 2 entry, farming – 401 entry, others – 1,733 entry).
18 Monitor the record book and ensure it is being filled up accordingly. a)     The record book was monitored by Operation Manager to ensure the record being filled up accordingly.
19 RIL monitoring on Pre-harvest and harvest operation to ensure that trees are tagged, and protected from accidental felling. a)     Establishment of monitoring team from licensee to monitor the RIL implementation in the FMU.
b)     Need to check with monitoring team and their records. Get DC to compile and submit to SFM.

HCV 1.3 – Endemic Species

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
20 Awareness and training of field worker on recognition of Endemic species. a)     Awareness briefing on RTE and HCV conducted on 25th – 26th June 2019. [SFM/TRAINING/REPORT/2019(19)].
21 Strict adherence to the DF Circular 6/99 Conservator of Wildlife and banned hunting by staffs and contractor. a)     DF circular 6/99 was highlighted to field staffs and forest workers during RTE awareness briefing.
b)     Signage of DF Circular 6/99 has been erected to educate and remind workers on the prohibition of hunting in the FMU.
22 To educate the local communities on the need to protect Endemic Species and control hunting. a)     RTE awareness briefing to be conducted during formation of CRC on 15 August 2019.
23 Controlled entry to the FMU through Security gates. Record of entry and exit with also a record of wild meat or other NTFP collected. a)     Establishment of security gate at Pasin FMU entry (coupe 07) with Auxiliary Police recording entry and exit including the wild meat and other NTFP.
24 Investigate the presence of Gonystylus eximus, Payena kapitensis, Shorea dispar , Shorea rotundifolia, Shorea woodii, Dipterocarpus pachyphyllus, Shorea amplexicaulis, Shorea beccariana, Shorea brunnescens, Shorea crassa, Shorea longifera, Shorea macrophylla, Shorea myrionerva, Shorea ochracea, Shorea parvistipulata ssp parvistipilulata, Shorea pinanga, Shorea rubra, Shorea scabberima, Shorea maroptera ssp baillonii and Shorea sagittate in FMU during 100% pre-harvest assessment and another research project with expert (if any).

Once endemic species found within FMU, the trees shall be tagged and protected from accidental felling.

a)     Scientific collaboration with Sarawak Forestry Corporation Sdn. Bhd. and National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan (NIES). Two (2) PSPs had been established in August 2016.
b)     Seven (7) species as listed below was presence within the PSP plot established by SFC in August 2016.

1)     Shorea beccariana

2)     Shorea brunnescens

3)     Shorea parvistipilulata ssp parvistipulata

4)     Shorea pinanga

5)     Shorea rubra

6)     Shorea scabberima

7)     Shorea sagittata

c)      The plot was marked with 50m buffer zone from the plot.

No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
25 Annual awareness and re-training a)     Awareness briefing on RTE and HCV conducted on 25th – 26th June 2019.
[SFM/TRAINING/REPORT/2019(19)].
26 Closure of unused feeder road to prevent hunting a)     Unused feeder road to be closed once operation completed at Coupe 1.
27 Conduct periodical monitoring patrolling and inspection at forest area, campsites and base camp a)     Patrolling to be conducted in September 2019
28 Monitor local community entering FMU record for hunting. a)     Security gate was established at Pasin FMU entry (coupe 07) with Auxiliary Police recording entry and exit of the local community.
b)     From Jan-Dec 2018, recorded 55 entry with the purpose of hunting by local community.
29 Monitor the record book and ensure it is being filled up accordingly. a)     The record book was monitored by Operation Manager to ensure it was filled up accordingly.
30 Prepare a monthly/annual summary report for management review and if needed, submission the relevant agencies. a)     The report will be provided in the end of the year (December 2019).
31 Monitor RIL operation to prevent accidental felling of endemic trees. a)     Establishment of monitoring team from licensee to monitor RIL operation in the FMU.
b)     Internal audit by SFM Department half yearly to ensure appropriate implementation of RIL.

HCV 1.4 – Critical Temporal Use

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
32 Demarcate buffer zone of the 100m radius of the identified salt lick prior to harvesting a)     Initial demarcation was done; however, it was not sufficient as per 100m radius.
b)     Re-demarcation of salt lick located at FMU Coupe 1 Block 29 has been conducted in July 2019.
33 Banned hunting for forest worker and control hunting by local communities (i.e. through security gate). a)     DF circular 6/99 was highlighted to field staffs and forest workers during RTE awareness briefing.
b)     Signage of DF Circular 6/99 has been erected to educate and remind workers on the prohibition of hunting in the FMU.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
34 Monitor integrity of the demarcated buffer zone during the harvesting operation. a)     No encroachment within Core HCV site (approx. 20m radius from salt lick).
35 Monitor and report hunting activities around salt lick. a)     Monitoring is in progress.
36 Continuous monitoring of wildlife using survey or camera trapping. a)     Collaboration with Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research (Leibniz-IZW) on wildlife survey using camera trap.
b)     Two (2) camera traps installed at salt lick on July 2019 as continuous wildlife monitoring.

HCV 2.0 – Landscape Level Forest

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
37 No conversion of Natural Forest to plantation or other non-forest land use. a)     The FMU committed to not convert the natural forest to other land use.
38 Implementation of Reduced Impact Logging operation. a)     Reduced Impact Logging has been started in Coupe 1.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
39 Record and document any changes in land use within FMU (if any). a)     Not applicable as the FMU committed to not convert natural forest to other land use.
40 Monitor the implementation of reduced-impact logging a)     Establishment of monitoring team from licensee to monitor RIL operation in the FMU.

HCV 4.1 – Watershed Protection

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
41 Map the 8-km water supply in the Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) when operation reached the coupe. a)     8-km critical public water supply intake point was mapped in HCV ma. It will map in the DP when operation reach the coupe in year 2024/2025.
42 Ground demarcate and protect the 8-km water supply intake point catchment from harvesting operation. a)     Ground demarcation will be conducted when the harvesting operation reach the area in year 2025.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
43 Monitor harvesting operation not to encroach into the Song 8-km water supply intake point catchment. a)     No monitoring at the moment as there is no harvesting operation yet.

HCV 4.2 – Soil Protection

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
44 Map Terrain IV areas exceeding 5ha in Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) and operational map a)      Terrain IV areas exceeding 5 ha was mapped in HCV.
45 Ground demarcation and protection of terrain IV from harvesting operation. a)     The terrain class IV has been mapped and prohibited from harvesting.
b)     Clear instruction given to all field workers that this area is excluded from harvesting.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
46 Monitor and ensure that terrain IV is being mapped in the DP and operational map (if any) a)     Data on terrain IV has been incorporated into operational map
47 Monitor of pre-harvest operation to ensure that clear and proper demarcation has been conducted a)     Monitoring is on going
48 Monitor harvesting operation so as not to encroach into the demarcated site a)     Monitoring is on going

HCV 5.0 – Basic Need of Local Communities

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
49 Consultation and joint community mapping to Directly Affected Community to determine sites for community need. a)     Community use area survey was conducted on 12th – 16th Nov 2018 along main road from log pond to Woodley Base Camp.
b)     16 locations community use area was identified and majority owned by the community from Sg. Tekalit and Sg. Lajan. The community use area is actively used in hill paddy and black pepper planting.
50 Joint ground demarcation if site located within FMU production area (if permitted by the local community) a)     No joint ground demarcation conducted as there is no identified important sites of local community located within FMU Coupe 1.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
51 Monitor and assess the dependency rate of the local community. a)     From the area survey conducted on 12th – 16 Nov 2019, the community use area is actively used in hill paddy and black pepper planting. From the survey the land was clearing for pepper (35%), paddy (30%), fruit orchard (22%), oil palm (9%) and other crops (4%).
52 Annual consultation to other directly affected communities as the operation progresses from one coupe to another. a)     Annual consultation with directly affected communities will be conducted as the operation progresses from one coupe to another.
53 Monitor harvesting operation not to encroach into the demarcated/identified site. a)     No identified important sites of local community located within FMU Coupe 1.

HCV 6.0 – Cultural Importance of Local Communities

No MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
54 Consultation and joint community mapping to Directly Affected Community to determine community cultural sites. a)     No cultural importance site located inside Coupe 1. FPIC Consultation will be conducted as the operation progresses from one coupe to another.
55 Joint ground demarcation if site located within FMU production area (if permitted by the local community) a)     During the consultation and joint survey conducted, most cultural site i.e. burial ground is found located inside the Shifting Agriculture (SA) which is already demarcated and protected from harvesting.
No MONITORING RECOMMENDATION ACTION TAKEN
56 Monitor and assess the dependency rate of the local community. a)     Continuous consultation to be conducted through CRC and direct consultation prior to commencement of any operation.
57 Annual consultation to other directly affected communities as the operation progresses from one coupe to another. a)     Annual consultation with directly affected communities will be conducted as the operation progresses from one coupe to another.
58 Monitor harvesting operation not to encroach into the demarcated/identified site. a)     No site of cultural importance of local community for the time being.

(updated on 26 Oct 2019)

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