MONITORING PERIOD :  Jan-Dec 2021

The High Conservation Value Assessment at Pasin FMU has been conducted in January and April 2016 by the team from Sustainable Forest Management Department with a Technical Leader (Dr. Yap Son Kheong) and assisted by the survey team of the FMU. Once the HCV has been identified, annual monitoring has been conducted to assess the effectiveness of the measures employed to maintain or enhance the applicable conservation attributes as required under Criterion 9.4. Status of HCV and details of HCV monitoring is summarized as below.

HCV 1.1 – Protected Area

HCV 1.1 MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Mapping of 1km wide buffer belt with Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary and the International boundary in the General Harvesting Plan (GP) and progressively in the Detailed harvesting Plan (DP) specifically for coupe 17, 19, 23, 24 and 25.1km buffer belt of Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary and International Boundary mapped on the approved GP map dated on 10th May 2018 vide WPO.628.345(V)-69 and HCV map.Demarcation on DP map will be made available for coupe 17, 19, 23, 24 and 25 once operation commenced at the coupe.
Progressively ground demarcate the 1km wide buffer belt as pre-harvest operation approaching the annual coupe.Ground demarcation will be conducted once the respective Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) and PEC has been approved by forest agencies.
HCV 1.1 MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Aerial monitoring along the 1 km wide buffer belt using satellite imagery or aerial surveillance using a helicopter.No aerial boundary monitoring conducted due to travel restrictions imposed from Jan to Oct 2021 by the State Disaster Management Committee (SDMC) and Majlis Keselamatan Negara (MKN) and the unavailability of aircraft in November and December 2021 (Sarawak State Election).  
Operation manager to ensure ground demarcation is adequately conducted as per SOP for the demarcation of protected and conservation area.The SOP on the ground demarcation of HCV is available to protect the HCV site [TA-SOP-CON-02]. The ground demarcation of International boundary and Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary will be conducted once the respective Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) and PEC has been approved by forest agencies.
Licensee and contractor to ensure that no accidental felling encroaching into the 1-km wide buffer belt.No operation and road access to the coupe.  Therefore, no accidental felling encroaching into the protected area by FMU

HCV 1.2 – Rare, Threatened and Endangered (RTE) Species

1.2 MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Appointment of Honorary Wildlife RangerFMU submited an application to the Wild Life Controller for the reappointment of HWLR via ref. no. SFM/MM/2021(02). As of today, the application is still in progress.  
Awareness and training of field worker on recognition of protected speciesNo awareness training conducted last year due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed.Poster of gazetted Totally Protected and Protected Species of Sarawak under the Wild Life Protection Ordinance is publicly available at base camp, temporary camp and work sites.
Strict adherence to the DF Circular 6/99 Conservator of Wildlife and banned hunting by staffs and contractor.DF circular 6/99 was highlighted to field staffs and forest workers during RTE awareness briefing annualy. In 2021, no awareness briefing conducted due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed. However signage of DF Circular 6/99 has been erected to educate and remind workers on the prohibition of hunting in the FMU.  
To educate the local communities on the need to protect RTE and control hunting.No longhouse visit in 2021 as no gathering is allowed during pandemic Covid-19.
Controlled entry to the FMU through Security gates.  Record of entry and exit with also a record of wild meat or other NTFP collected.Available of record of entry and exit at the security gate. In 2021, a total of 3,150 entries were recorded at the main gate. 0.3% of the entry is for hunting, 9.5% are farming and 90.2% for other activities e.g. back to longhouse.Signage of No Hunting was erected at the security gate and within FMU.
Conduct 100% tree enumeration under RIL prescription where Protected trees are to be tagged for protection and protected from accidental felling.          A total of 1,405 ha had been inventoried with a total number of 1,321 (0.940 tree/ha) of trees for protection identified, tagged and marked on CHP/RILP map.
1.2 MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Honorary Wildlife Ranger to conduct monitoring within FMU (gate, camp, worksite etc.) and prepare monitoring report. Any illegal findings shall be reported to the relevant authoritiesNo monitoring was conducted in 2021 due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed.  
Annual awareness and re-trainingNo refresher training on HCV was conducted in 2021 due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed.  
Continue monitoring the presence of wildlife through wildlife survey or camera trapping.Two (2) studies of fauna were conducted. Wildlife monitoring using camera trap a Coupe 03AR conducted by SFM and another study by UNIMAS on the wildlife distribution and utilization at the salt lick.  No new record of wildlife was recorded in 2021 which the total of species maintained at 91 species with 34 mammals, 31 birds, 7 amphibians, 10 reptilians and 9 species of fish.  
Conduct periodical monitoring patrolling and inspection at forest area, campsites and base campNo HWLR patrolling was conducted due to travel restrictions imposed from Jan to Oct 2021 by the State Disaster Management Committee (SDMC) and Majlis Keselamatan Negara (MKN).
Closure of unused feeder road to prevent huntingCurrently feeder road still in use for enrichment and monitoring purposes.  
RIL monitoring on Pre-harvest and harvest operation to ensure that trees are tagged, and protected from accidental felling.Monitoring team has been established to monitor the implementation of RIL in the FMU.Internal audit by SFM Department once a year to ensure appropriate implementation of RIL.No finding on tree tag and accidental tree felling during the internal audit conducted in 2021.  

HCV 1.3 – Endemic Species

1.3 MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Awareness and training of field worker on recognition of Endemic species.No awareness training conducted last year due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed.  
Strict adherence to the DF Circular 6/99 Conservator of Wildlife and banned hunting by staffs and contractor.DF circular 6/99 was highlighted to field staffs and forest workers during RTE awareness briefing annualy. In 2021, no awareness briefing conducted due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed. However signage of DF Circular 6/99 has been erected to educate and remind workers on the prohibition of hunting in the FMU.  
To educate the local communities on the need to protect Endemic Species and control hunting.  No longhouse visit in 2021 as no gathering is allowed during pandemic Covid-19.  
Controlled entry to the FMU through Security gates.  Record of entry and exit with also a record of wild meat or other NTFP collected.Available of record of entry and exit at the security gate. In 2021, a total of 3,150 entries were recorded at the main gate. 0.3% of the entry is for hunting, 9.5% are farming and 90.2% for other activities e.g. back to longhouse.Signage of No Hunting was erected at the security gate and within FMU.
1.3 MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Annual awareness and re-trainingNo awareness training conducted last year due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed.  
Closure of unused feeder road to prevent huntingCurrently feeder road still in use for enrichment and monitoring purposes.  
Conduct periodical monitoring patrolling and inspection at forest area, campsites and base campNo HWLR patrolling was conducted due to travel restrictions imposed from Jan to Oct 2021 by the State Disaster Management Committee (SDMC) and Majlis Keselamatan Negara (MKN).
Monitor local community entering FMU record for hunting.Security gate was established at Pasin FMU entry (coupe 07) with Auxiliary Police recording entry and exit of the local community.In 2021, a total of 3,150 entries were recorded at the main gate. 0.3% of the entry is for hunting, 9.5% are farming and 90.2% for other activities e.g. back to longhouse.  
Monitor the record book and ensure it is being filled up accordingly.The record book was monitored by Operation Manager to ensure it was filled up accordingly.
Monitor RIL operation to prevent accidental felling of endemic trees.Monitoring team has been established to monitor the implementation of RIL in the FMU.Internal audit by SFM Department once a year to ensure appropriate implementation of RIL.

HCV 1.4 – Critical Temporal Use

1.4 MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Demarcate buffer zone of the 100m radius of the identified salt lick prior to harvestingNo demarcation in 2021.
Banned hunting for forest worker and control hunting by local communities (i.e. through security gate).DF circular 6/99 was highlighted to field staffs and forest workers during RTE awareness briefing annualy. In 2021, no awareness briefing conducted due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed. However signage of DF Circular 6/99 has been erected to educate and remind workers on the prohibition of hunting in the FMU.
1.4 MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Monitor integrity of the demarcated buffer zone during the harvesting operation.No encroachment as no salt lick area at active operation coupe in 2021.
Monitor and report hunting activities around salt lick.No salt lick area found at active operation coupe in 2021 and no accessibility to previous salt lick area at coupe 01 for hunting active around salt lick.
Continuous monitoring of wildlife using survey or camera trapping.Two (2) studies of fauna were conducted:

Collaboration with UNIMAS on The Identification and Monitoring of ERT Species Around Salt Licks for Sustainable Forest at Pasin & Raplex FMU
Detected 30 species with a mean 31.647 species recorded solely – Bornean Bay Cat, Small Clawed Otter, Clouded Leopard, Banded Linsang, Binturong, Hose Civet and Maroon Leaf LangurPig-tailed macaque has the highest record of independent events follow by Banded Palm Civet and Malay Civet  

Wildlife monitoring before commencement of logging operation at Coupe 03AR
20 species identified35% RTE species and 15% Endemic to Borneo  

HCV 2.0 – Landscape Level Forest

2.0 MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
No conversion of Natural Forest to plantation or other non-forest land use.The FMU committed to not convert the natural forest to other land use.
Implementation of Reduced Impact Logging operation.Reduced Impact Logging has been started in Coupe 1 to Coupe 4.
2.0 MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Record and document any changes in land use within FMU (if any).Not applicable as the FMU committed to not convert natural forest to other land use.
Monitor the implementation of reduced-impact loggingMonitoring team has been established to monitor the implementation of RIL in the FMU.Internal audit by SFM Department once a year to ensure appropriate implementation of RIL.  

HCV 4.1 – Watershed Protection

4.1 MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Map the 8-km water supply in the Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) when operation reached the coupe.8-km critical public water supply intake point was mapped in HCV map. It will map in the DP when operation reach the coupe in year 2024/2025.  
Ground demarcate and protect the 8-km water supply intake point catchment from harvesting operation.Ground demarcation will be conducted when the harvesting operation reach the area in year 2025. Ground re-demarcation was done on 15th Nov 2021. No encroachment detected.
4.1 MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Monitor harvesting operation not to encroach into the Song 8-km water supply intake point catchment.No monitoring at the moment as there is no harvesting operation yet.

HCV 4.2 – Soil Protection

4.2 MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Map Terrain IV areas exceeding 5ha in Detailed Harvesting Plan (DP) and operational map Terrain IV areas exceeding 5 ha was mapped in HCV.
Ground demarcation and protection of terrain IV from harvesting operation.For year 2021, Pasin FMU has demarcated 7.9 ha of Terrain Class IV at Coupe 4 Block 8.The terrain class IV has been mapped and prohibited from harvesting. Clear instruction given to all field workers that this area is excluded from harvesting.  
4.2 MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Monitor and ensure that terrain IV is being mapped in the DP and operational map (if any)Data on terrain IV has been incorporated into operational map
Monitor of pre-harvest operation to ensure that clear and proper demarcation has been conductedDemarcation of Terrain IV was conducted on 10 Nov 2021.
Monitor harvesting operation so as not to encroach into the demarcated siteMonitoring is on going

HCV 5.0 – Basic Need of Local Communities

5.0 MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Consultation and joint community mapping to Directly Affected Community to determine sites for community need.No consultation conducted in 2021 due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed.  
Joint ground demarcation if site located within FMU production area (if permitted by the local community)No joint ground demarcation conducted as there is no consultation with local community due to Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed.  
5.0 MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Annual consultation to other directly affected communities as the operation progresses from one coupe to another.Annual consultation with directly affected communities will be conducted as the operation progresses from one coupe to another.
Monitor harvesting operation not to encroach into the demarcated/identified site.No identified important sites of local community located within operation area at FMU Coupe 3 and 4.No consultation conducted in 2021 due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed.  

HCV 6.0 – Cultural Importance of Local Communities

6.0 MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Consultation and joint community mapping to Directly Affected Community to determine community cultural sites.No consultation conducted in 2021 due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed.    
Joint ground demarcation if site located within FMU production area (if permitted by the local community)No consultation conducted in 2021 due to the Movement Control Order (MCO), travel restrictions and gatherings are not allowed.  
6.0 MONITORING RECOMMENDATIONACTION TAKEN
Monitor and assess the dependency rate of the local community.Continuous consultation to be conducted through CRC and direct consultation prior to commencement of any operation.  
Annual consultation to other directly affected communities as the operation progresses from one coupe to another.Annual consultation with directly affected communities will be conducted as the operation progresses from one coupe to another.
Monitor harvesting operation not to encroach into the demarcated/identified site.No site of cultural importance of local community for the time being.

updated on 19 Jul 2022 by SFM Department